The goal of the Fraunhofer IWS subproject is the process development for laser structuring of fiber-plastic composites (FRP). This surface pre-treatment achieves an optimal bonding of the subsequently generated metallic spray coating. It provides the necessary conditions for the final joining of FRP and metal components using a soldering process.
Within the planned research project, laser-pre-structured fiber composites are to be surface-functionalized by thermal coating with metal layers. The possibility of thermally depositing firmly adhering layers on notch-free substrates opens up a wide range of possible applications - even beyond the joining process being addressed in this project. For example, plastic-based components can be provided with metal surface properties to increase wear resistance, media resistance or electrical conductivity. Subsequent joining processes enable metallized lightweight structures (FRP-based) to be joined with metal components.
Laser surface pretreatment or functionalization can be implemented both locally and on large areas. For the economic processing of large areas, it is necessary to scale up the structuring process. Within the scope of this research project, therefore, a parallelization of the process by means of diffractive optical elements (DOE) is to be implemented, thereby significantly reducing the processing time.