Structured metal layers

Structured metal layers

Glass substrate with titanium electrodes, prepared by vacuum arc-structured coating. Endothelial cells are cultivated on the substrate
© Fraunhofer IWS
Glass substrate with titanium electrodes, prepared by vacuum arc-structured coating. Endothelial cells are cultivated on the substrate

The electrical properties of living cell structures are measured by an impedance spectroscopy. Electrode structures, deposited on glass are used to build up a contact to the cell medium. These electrode structures can be produced by the PVD process.