Transparent conductive coatings have a wide range of potential uses. Examples include heatable glazing solutions, antistatic surface and transparent electrodes for displays and solar cells.
IWS engineers follow two different approaches. One idea is to embed extremely conductive carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into polymers. This process creates transparent conductive surfaces, which are especially useful for antistatic applications. The polymers are directly functionalized with the CNTs during the fabrication process of the plastic part.
Another approach is the deposition of conductive oxides such as fluorine doped tin dioxide (SnO2:F). This material is a low-cost alternative to the widely used indium tin oxide.
These conductive films are fabricated using chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The process operates at atmospheric pressure (AP-CVD) and comparatively low temperatures. This makes large area deposition possible for many substrate materials.